(Bloomberg) — Australia’s interest rate meeting is dividing economists and money markets on whether the Reserve Bank will stand pat to assess the impact of previous tightening or raise again to forestall upside risks to prices.
Economists are almost evenly split, with Commonwealth Bank of Australia among 14 expecting the RBA to maintain the cash rate at 4.1% on Tuesday, while 13 including Goldman Sachs Group Inc. and the three other major banks forecast another quarter-point increase.
Traders are pricing a 52% chance of a pause following back-to-back hikes the RBA had described in minutes as “finely balanced” calls.
The RBA meeting comes just days after the Federal Reserve’s Jerome Powell, European Central Bank’s Christine Lagarde and Bank of England’s Andrew Bailey said they still have ways to go in tamping down inflation. The US and UK have boosted rates more than Australia, while the ECB moved about as much despite a later start.
“The debate will likely be over zero or 25 basis points as the RBA deliberates on just how restrictive rates need to be,” said Su-Lin Ong, chief economist for Australia at Royal Bank of Canada. “The case for both can be made but at the margin, we think the prudent move is another 25-basis-point hike in July.”
Ong cited four factors that may drive a third straight month of increase:
- Stronger than expected jobs data as unemployment fell to 3.6%
- Wages and labor costs upside including the minimum wage decision
- Sustained global tightening as major economies seen hiking further
- RBA’s cash rate is still lower than its dollar-bloc counterparts
Boosting the case for a hike, retail sales data last week surpassed expectations, highlighting households’ resilience while core inflation remains above 6%, double the top of the RBA’s 2%-3% target.
Economists also cited a renewed hawkish tilt from the RBA. Deputy Governor Michele Bullock warned last month that unemployment needs to rise to around 4.5% for inflation to return to target. Figures on Monday showed job advertisements remain 47.5% above their pre-pandemic level, even though they have come off a peak lately.
The RBA has flagged the risk of price pressures becoming entrenched from a tight labor market at a time when a housing shortage is driving prices higher.
Data Monday showed Australia’s house-price rebound extended in June, led by Sydney and Brisbane. Separate figures showed home-loan values jumped 4.8% in May, driven by lending to investors, while annual growth in approvals to build new homes slid 10%.
“Capacity constraints in the housing sector imply ongoing inflation in rents and new-dwelling purchases,” said Josh Williamson, Citigroup Inc’s chief economist for Australia, who expects a hike. “The RBA would be wary of sending the wrong signal by pausing at a time when house prices are still rebounding.”
But other economists point to the RBA minutes, released weeks after each monthly meeting, as an important guide. For example, the April and May minutes were decidedly hawkish, and were followed by rate increases. In contrast, last month’s minutes were more dovish, prompting currency and bond yields to fall after their release.
The quarterly inflation report — the most comprehensive catalog of prices — comes out July 26 while the RBA staff will also deliver updated forecasts in weeks. They will provide new information for the board to consider at its August meeting and may encourage a hold on Tuesday.
JPMorgan Chase & Co.’s Tom Kennedy is among those who pushed back their forecast for the “next and final rate hike” to August from July. May inflation showed the smallest increase since April 2022.
Other data also point to an easing in economic momentum. Household consumption has slowed, business confidence is weakening and the probability of a recession over the next 12 months is now at 50% — the highest level since the pandemic. Economists recently trimmed their estimates for growth in the A$2.3 trillion ($1.5 trillion) economy.
“It seems that the approach of waiting for additional data before raising rates further may now be the most prudent,” said Benjamin Picton, senior macro strategist at Rabobank, citing weakening forward indicators. “We believe that Lowe will continue to aim for the soft landing.”
—With assistance from Tomoko Sato and Matthew Burgess.
(Updates market pricing, adds Monday data.)