Growth and development of people and technology have a huge negative impact on environmental change. The environment is very broadly influenced, such as the air environment (earth temperature, air, weather and climate), land environment (land, forest and human settlements) and even water environment (sea, river, groundwater and lake). Changes in the environment also have a major impact on the survival of humans and other living things. While the development of technology and other activities that support it including the improvement of structure and building infrastructure can not be restrained and continue to go.
This is so because it continues to follow the increasingly crowded human growth rate to fill this earth. If indeed the development of technology and its supporting activities can not be arrested, then certainly can be controlled. The control covers all aspects of its construction. As the basic materials, methods and concepts of development and development, and most importantly the impact on the environment. Including activities supporting the development of human life and technology is the construction of public infrastructure such as roads, bridges, canals, reservoirs and settlements. The infrastructure is a major supporter of community activities. Control of the infrastructure becomes very important in maintaining environmental stability in air, land and water. To find out more information about Retaining Wall & Soil Reinforcement, you can see through https://www.maccaferri.com/us/applications/retaining-wall-soil-reinforcement/.
Road Construction and Its Impact The road is one of the main infrastructure supporting human activities. The road connects somewhere with another place, which is either a short distance or a long distance. Land clearing for road construction is a sure thing to happen. So the more dense human activities, the more the need for transportation access liaison, especially on land that is the road, the more open land. Land clearing for the construction of the road, has a serious negative impact. One of them is the reduced water catchment area. The water catchment area is a major component of the groundwater production process. Ground water, has a faster rate of utilization than the manufacture. As a result, the amount of ground water is decreasing.
Another impact is the structure of the soil will change (down), due to lack of ground water. This happens because the substitution of groundwater by air in the pores of the soil. Because road construction can not be retained, so there must be controls to prevent a more severe negative impact on the environment. The most important control in the road construction is to preserve the environment, especially in groundwater conservation and soil structure. So all road construction in this century must be environmentally based.
Role of Civil and Environmental Engineering Since road construction can not be separated from environmental safeguard. So civil engineering functions, which design road construction as well as other infrastructure, should always be accompanied by an analysis of the impact on the environment and its role on environmental conservation. The interaction between the existing infrastructure and the environment must be considered.
See some negative impacts from existing road construction. So now, the civil and environmental engineering departments must design environmentally friendly road structures, at least able to support water absorption and maintain soil structure. For example, in a road structure, it is necessary to make a recharge hole directly on the edge of the road by utilizing biopori, or flowed steadily to the drainage channel. Or it could be by planting trees with high water absorption at the edge of the road whose roots are long to penetrate below the road surface, in order to maintain the soil structure.